Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

What Is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, or PCOS, is a constellation of symptoms that include irregular periods and symptoms of high male hormone levels such as scalp hair loss, acne, and increased body hair growth. Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome may also have difficulty with weight loss and show signs and symptoms of high insulin levels.

PCOS affects as many as eight percents of women. We do not have a good understanding of what causes PCOS and scientists continue to work to improve our understanding of this common syndrome.


Causes Of PCOS

Researchers have discovered a link between PCOS and obesity. Such patients frequently have severe insulin resistance, with diabetes occurring in up to fifty percent of PCOS patients. They develop upper body obesity and accelerated heart disease risk.

How Is PCOS Diagnosed?

There is no single test to determine if a woman has PCOS.

Our doctors make the diagnosis when women have two or more of the following symptoms:

  • Irregular or infrequent periods
  • Symptoms of high male hormones (acne, increased body hair, and scalp hair loss) or high levels of male hormones on blood testing
  • Cysts on the ovaries seen on a sonogram

Two other hormonal abnormalities can have very similar symptoms— Cushing’s syndrome and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is important to rule out these diseases with blood testing and sometimes saliva testing.

Testing For Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

We offer a full range of diagnostic testing at our office including:

Testing for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Resting Metabolic Rate

RMR, or more commonly know as Resting Metabolic Rate, measures how many calories the body burns during rest. Or more precisely, it’s a person’s energy expenditure when not performing physical or laborious tasks.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Treatment

Our treatment approach is tailored to the concerns of each patient. Because we do not understand the cause of PCOS, treatments are focused on managing each woman’s symptoms.


  • Birth control pills and other medications decrease acne and body hair growth and improve scalp hair loss. They also regulate a woman’s menstrual cycle.
  • Diet and weight loss improve insulin resistance and decrease the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.
  • There are many medications that can improve insulin resistance and may increase a woman’s chances of becoming pregnant when desired.

Patient Testimonial

"Absolutely unbelievable visit!!!! I was refered by my hematologist whom I trust and respect. I was looking for an understanding endocrinologist for a very long time. I could not believe that after five minutes doctor understood my concerns and started tests. I believe that Dr. Eytan will help me. Her professionalism, bedside manners and willingness to help are real and on the high level. I am very satisfied and looking forward to new visits. EXCELLENT!!!"

- MAY R.

Does PCOS Affect Fertility?

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is associated with infertility. However, not all women with PCOS experience difficulty when trying to conceive. There is no testing that can predict which women with PCOS will have difficulty conceiving. We work with women to optimize the chances of conceiving with treatments such as weight loss programs and medications. We also discuss with women whether a consultation with a reproductive specialist is appropriate.

PCOS Affecting Fertility Reasons Why

Can PCOS Lead To Other Complications?

Women with polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are at risk of developing Gestational Diabetes during pregnancy and Type 2 Diabetes later in life.


Is PCOS Genetic?

Women with a first-degree relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with PCOS are more likely to develop PCOS themselves.


Schedule A Consultation

At Park Avenue Endocrinology and Nutrition, our practitioners are well-versed in the diagnosis and management of PCOS. Schedule a consultation by calling our office at 212-772-7628 .


Contact Us Today!

If you have any questions or comments, or if you want to learn more about the services we provide, please call us at 212-772-7628.

Call the office for an appointment today!